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DNA and Systemic Diseases

With the completion of the human genome project in 2003 and the decreased cost of DNA sequencing, DNA testing is becoming available and affordable to everyone. More than 1,800 genes associated with disease have been discovered.

Importance of Instrument Selection

The mechanical removal of deposits—from plaque biofilm to calculus —is key to effectively caring for patients with different oral health statuses, including those with a healthy periodontium, gingival inflammation, or impaired junctional…

The Role of Sports Drinks in Demineralization

Demineralization occurs when mineral ions are compromised and removed from dental enamel. The process progresses due to low pH in the saliva and when the oral environment is deprived of minerals in relation to the tooth’s overall mineral…

Supporting the Success of Sealants

Choosing the right sealant material depends on a variety of factors, including patient needs. Dental sealants were developed in the 1960s by Michael Buonocore, DDS, and dental scientists at the Eastman Dental Center in Rochester, New York.

Detecting the Signs of Hypophosphatasia

Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare genetic metabolic disorder characterized by a spectrum of defects caused by mutations of the alkaline phosphatase gene that causes the premature loss of dentition. In the absence of trauma, primary tooth…

Signs and Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Dental hygienists are susceptible to musculoskeletal pain, especially in the neck, shoulder, and hand/wrist regions. It is believed that awkward, prolonged working posture—such as bending, reaching, and standing—contribute to these…

How to Treat Patients Undergoing Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is commonly used to treat various cancers, as well as other conditions, such as autoimmune diseases. While immunotherapy is often considered a nontoxic or less toxic alternative to standard treatments, such as chemotherapy, it…

What You Need to Know About Synthetic Cannabinoids

Synthetic cannabinoids are man-made drugs manufactured to resemble the chemicals in marijuana plants. The chemicals are sprayed onto plant material, which is then smoked or converted into liquid to be vaped, similar to how marijuana is…