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Oral Implications of Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex multisystem disorder of idiopathic origin characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and tenderness. It is the most common cause of chronic whole-body pain in the United States and affects 3% to 6% of the population worldwide. FM can result in severe functional impairments that may lead to diminished quality of life. Dental hygienists need to be cognizant of FM’s etiology and other characteristics because oral and perioral areas are frequently involved.

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Worldwide, the incidence of fibromyalgia (FM) is 6.88 per 1,000 men and how many per 1,000 women?

Fibromyalgia word cloud concept ricochet64 / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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While the condition is most common in middle-aged and older women, it also affects children and men.

Millennial tired man having a neck pain fizkes / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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The hallmark characteristic of FM is chronic and diffuse musculoskeletal pain.

Human Body Joint Pain wildpixel / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Which of the following is part of the triad of symptoms that affect most patients with FM?

Pain measurement scale 0 to 10, mild to intense and severe. Sky_melody / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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A comprehensive treatment approach that combines physical, psychological, and behavioral factors and includes pharmacological and nonpharmacological tactics is valuable in managing FM.

Fibromyalgia Hailshadow / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Patients with FM are how many times more likely to report facial pain than those without the disorder?

Conceptual image of woman meditating karelnoppe / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Patients with FM are at low risk of temporomandibular disorder (TMD).

Neurological diagnosis of Fibromyalgia. Neurological hammer, human brain figure, tools for sensitivity testing are on table next to title of text diagnosis of Fibromyalgia in workplace of neurologist Shidlovski / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Xerostomia is experienced by approximately what percentage of people with FM?

Too Much Chili Pepper sdominick / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Open communication between a patient’s physician, physical therapist, psychologist, and oral health professional is important to optimize treatment and improve quality of life.

Happy dentist at the office with her team and holding a tablet computer andresr / E+
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Patients with FM are easily able to tolerate long appointments. 

Smiling receptionist of dentistry giving contact details for client Zinkevych / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Oral Implications of Fibromyalgia
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This information is from the article “Treating Patients With Fibromyalgia” by Susan Lynn Tolle, BSDH, MS and Amber Walters Hunt, RDH, BSDH, MS To read the article, click here.

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