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Oral Manifestations of Crohn’s Disease

Almost 70 million Americans experience gastrointestinal conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), each year. As such, oral health professionals should be familiar with the oral manifestations of these disorders—as well as side effects of the medication regimens used to treat them—in order to facilitate early diagnosis and successfully provide care to this population. 

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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a category of chronic gastrointestinal diseases composed of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

Lars Neumann / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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IBD affects how many Americans each year?

Doctor examines MRI snapshot of abdomen organs, large and small intestines Shidlovski / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Where is IBD more prevalent?

Morbus Crohn disease selvanegra / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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The use of tobacco at a young age is unrelated to the development of IBD.

Woman enjoying her cigarette in the morning outdoors Panksvatouny / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Symptoms for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis include abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and areas of ulceration within the intestinal tract that can cause intestinal bleeding.

Crohn's disease can have these symptoms diarrhea, Headaches, Heartburn, Nausea and vomiting, Pain in the abdomen, digicomphoto / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Today, the diagnosis of Crohn’s disease is made via integrative interpretation of clinical, radiographic, and laboratory analyses.

Crohn’s disease or crohn illness medical concept as human intestines with inflammation symptoms causing obstruction as a 3D illustration. wildpixel / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Visible oral manifestations of Crohn’s disease include cobblestone appearance of the mucosa, deep linear ulcerations, mucosal tags, swelling of the lips, angular cheilitis, hyperplasia of erythematous gingiva, and recurrent ulcerations.

Digestive stomach system janulla / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Patients with mild manifestations of Crohn’s disease may receive dental care without complications. But for patients who exhibit the recurrent aphthous ulcerations that occur in 10% of those affected, topical steroids may reduce healing time of ulcers and help alleviate resultant pain.

Crohn's Disease Represents Ill Health And Ileitis stuartmiles99 / iStock / Getty Images Plus
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Oral Manifestations of Crohn’s Disease
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